Harmonia in commercio vs Harmonia absque commercio. Kant’s eclectical dealing with causality.

Gualtiero Lorini

Resumen


The present paper aims to provide an overview on Kant’s dealing with the main theories of causality which were proposed and discussed in his time. The goal is to show that, since the pre-critical period, he has never simply accepted the theories of causality that he could find in second-scholastic sources, but has always tried to develop an original position. Starting from a general acceptance of the theory of the “physical influx”, Kant tries to amend this theory, as it had been roughly provided by Knutzen and Crusius. This emendation is carried out through elements coming from the Leibnitian tradition. But neither in this field Kant totally embraces the Wolffian, as well as the Baumgartenian model. The paper tries also to shed light on the way in which the critical conception of space allows Kant to fulfill his original theory of causality as an amended version of the physical influx.

Palabras clave


Physical Influx; Occasionalism; Pre-established Harmony; Causality; Space

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Referencias


In this essay Kant’s works are indicated with the abbreviation of the English title, followed by volume and page number of the Akademie Ausgabe (AA): I. Kant, Gesammelte Schriften, edited by the Königlich-Preussischen (now Deutschen) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin 1900-. For the translations of Kant’s passages I followed, when possible, the “Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant”.

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