Why Carl Schmitt (and others) got Kant wrong

Paola Romero

Resumen


This essay traces the influence of Carl Schmitt on an interpretative tendency found in a number of contemporary readings of Kant’s political philosophy. This influence can be traced back to two basic commitments: the idea that Kant’s philosophy (i) seeks to defend a pacifist and humanitarian ideal of history and progress, and (ii) that political conflict must, for this reason, be somehow pacified or eradicated. I argue that these ‘anti-conflict’ readings of Kant go astray in ignoring the systemic role conflict plays in Kant’s understanding of agency and freedom on the one hand, and in overlooking that this conflict is not empirical but normative, and thereby, unavoidable. In light of this ‘agential conflict’, Schmitt’s critique to Kant begins to lose all its force. 

 

Palabras clave


Kant; Schmitt; conflict; humanity; pacifism; agency

Texto completo:

PDF HTML

Referencias


Aramayo, R. (1996), “La versión kantiana de ‘la mano invisible’ (y otras alias del destino)” in La paz y el ideal cosmopolita de la Ilustración. A propósito del bicentenario de Hacia la paz perpetua de Kant, (eds.) R. Aramayo, J. Murgueza, C. Roldán, Tecnos, Madrid.

Benhabib, S. (2012), “Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Kant: Sovereignty and International Law”, Political Theory, 40(6), pp. 688- 713.

Caranti, L. (2018), “How cosmopolitanism reduces conflict: A broad reading of Kant’s third ingredient for peace”, Journal of International Political Theory, Vol. 14, No.1, pp. 2- 19.

Cavallar, G. (2001), “Kantian Perspectives on Democratic Peace: Alternatives to Doyle”, Review of International Studies, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 229-248.

Cederman, L-E. (2001), “Back to Kant: Reinterpreting the Democratic Peace as Macrohistorical Learning Process”, American Political Science Review, Vol. 95, No., pp. 15-31.

Corradetti, C. (2020), Kant, Global Politics and Cosmopolitan Law The World Republic as a Regulative Idea of Reason, Routledge, New York.

Doyle, M. (1983a), “Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs”, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 12, n° 3, pp. 204-35.

Doyle, M. (1983b), “Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs, Part 2”, Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 12, n° 4, pp. 323-53.

Doyle, M. (1993), “Liberalism and International Relations”, in Beiner, Ronald y Booth, William James, (eds.), Kant and Political Philosophy: The Contemporary Legacy, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Habermas, J. (2001). “Kant’s Idea of Perpetual Peace: At Two Hundred Years, Historical Remove”, in The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory, trans. Ciaran Cronin and Pablo de Greiff, MIT Press, Cambridge, pp. 165-202.

Höffe, O. (2006), Kant’s Cosmopolitan Theory of Law and Peace, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Kleingeld, P. (2004), “Approaching Perpetual Peace: Kant’s Defence of a League of States and his Ideal of a World Federation”, European Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 304–325.

Knock, T.J. (2019), To End All Wars, New Edition: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a New World Order, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Lutz-Bachmann, M. (1997), “Kant’s idea of peace and the philosophical conception of a world republic” in Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant’s Cosmopolitan Ideal, (ed.) James Bohman and Lutz-Bachmann, MIT Press, Cambridge MA.

Marey, M. (2012), “¿Era Kant un terrorista moral, defensor de la guerra justa”, Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía, Vol. XXXVIII No 2, pp. 171-204.

Marey, M. (2017), “Sobre un argumento meta-ético y un argumento político in La religion dentro de los límites de la mera razón”, Revista Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 34 (1), pp. 127-146.

Mouffe, C. (2005), “The 'End of Politics' and the Challenge of Right-wing Populism” in Populism and the Mirror of Democracy, (ed.) F. Panizza, Verso, London.

Obama, B. (2009), ‘Remarks by the President at the Acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize’, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-acceptance- nobel-peace-prize (Visited on 20/07/2020).

Oneal J. and Russett B. (1999), “The Kantian peace: The Pacific benefits of democracy, interdependence, and international organizations, 1885–1992”, World Politics, Vol. 52, pp. 1–37.

O’Neill, O. (2015), Constructing Authorities. Reason, Politics and Interpretation in Kant’s Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Pogge, T. (1992), “Cosmopolitanism and sovereignty”, Ethics, 103, pp. 48–75. Riley, P. (1983), Kant’s Political Philosophy, Rowman & Littlefield, Totawa.

Saner, H. (1973), Kant’s Political Thought: Its Origins and Development, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Schmitt, C. (1916), Theodor Däublers "Nordlicht": drei Studien über die Elemente, den Geist und die Aktualität des Werkes, G. Müller, München.

Schmitt, C. (1992), La Notion de politique; Théorie du partisan. Translated by Marie- Louise Steinhauser, Flammarion, Paris.

Schmitt, C. (2005), Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty. Translated by George Schwab, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Schmitt, C. (2007), The Concept of the Political. Translated by George Schwab, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Scruton, R. (2004) ‘Kant and the Iraq War’, https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/article_1749jsp/ (Visited on 20/07/2020).

Tesón, F (2005), Humanitarian Intervention: An Inquiry into Law and Morality, Transnational Publishers, New York.

Tuck, R. (2011), The Rights of War and Peace: Political Thought and the International Order from Grotius to Kant, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Williams, H. (2012), Kant and the End of War: A Critique of Just War Theory, Palgrave, Hampshire.

Wells, G.H. (1914), The War that Will End All War, F. & C. Palmer, London.

Wood, A. (1991), “Unsocial Sociability: The Anthropological Basis of Kantian Ethics”,

Philosophical Topics, Vol. 19, No.1, pp. 325–351.

Wood, A. (1999), Kant’s Ethical Thought, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4899360

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para realizar análisis de uso y de medición de nuestra web para mejorar nuestros servicios. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso.


Creative Commons by-nc 3.0 Logo

ISSN: 2386-7655

URL: http://con-textoskantianos.net

  Scimago Journal & Country Rankscopus logo

 

DOAJ LogoErih Plus LogoCitefactor logoredib Logo

LatIndex LogoISOC Logo MIAR Logo
SHERPA/RoMEO Logo
MLA LogoZenodo Logo
ESCI LogoEBSCO LOGOWeb of Science