Love and Moral Psychology in Global Politics: A Kantian Reworking of Rawls and Nussbaum

Pärttyli Rinne

Resumen


For both John Rawls and Martha Nussbaum, the concept of love plays a significant role in moral psychology. Rawls views the sense of justice as grounded in parental love, and continuous with love of mankind. Nussbaum’s recent defence of patriotism revives the emotion of love as essential for political contexts. I argue that love ought to play a substantial part in the shaping of global politics, and that a moral psychology of love based merely on a combination of Rawls’s and Nussbaum’s accounts fails to produce an adequate ground for conceptualizing moral motivation with respect to addressing transnational concerns of justice. I contend that by critically synthesizing Rawls’s and Nussbaum’s conceptions of love and moral psychology with resources from Kant’s ethics, it is possible to develop a more attractive, and potentially politically effective, conception of love of human beings in the framework of political liberalism.


Palabras clave


love; moral psychology; Rawls; Nussbaum; Kant; political liberalism

Texto completo:

PDF HTML

Referencias


Bimm, Jordan (2014), ‘Rethinking the overview effect’. Quest: The History of Spaceflight Quarterly, 21 (1), 39-47.

Bruneau, Emile G., Cikara, Mina, Saxe, Rebecca (2015), ‘Minding the gap: Narrative descriptions about mental states attenuate parochial empathy’. PLoS ONE, 10(10): e0140838. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140838

Bruneau, Emile G., Cikara, Mina, Saxe, Rebecca (2017), ‘Parochial empathy predicts reduced altruism and the endorsement of passive harm’. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8 (8), 934-942.

Cameron, John D. (2017), ‘Communicating cosmopolitanism and motivating global citizenship’. Political Studies, 66 (3), 718-734.

Cikara, Mina, Bruneau, Emile G., Van Bavel, J.J., Saxe, Rebecca (2014), ‘Their pain gives us pleasure: How intergroup dynamics shape empathic failures and counter-empathic responses’. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 55, 110-125.

Dobson, Andrew (2006), ‘Thick cosmopolitanism’. Political Studies, 54, 165-184.

Fahmy, Melissa (2010), ‘Kantian practical love’. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 91, 313-

Faulkner, Nicholas (2017a), ‘“Put yourself in their shoes”: Testing empathy’s ability to

motivate cosmopolitan behavior’. Political Psychology, 20 (20), 1-12.

Faulkner, Nicholas (2017b), ‘Motivating cosmopolitan helping: Thick cosmopolitanism, responsibility for harm, and collective guilt’. International Political Science Review, 38 (3), 316 –331.

Kant, I. Gesammelte Schriften Hrsg.: Bd. 1-22 Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bd. 23 Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, ab Bd. 24 Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Berlin 1900ff.

Kearns, Deborah (1983), ‘A theory of justice – and love; Rawls on the family’. Politics, 18 (2), 36-42.

Kittay, Eva F. (1999), Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality, and Dependency. New York & London: Routledge.

Lenard, Patti T. (2010), ‘Motivating cosmopolitanism? A skeptical view’. Journal of Moral Philosophy, 7, 346–371.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (1997), ‘Kant and stoic cosmopolitanism’. The Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (1), 1-25.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2002a), For Love of Country?. Ed. Joshua Cohen. Boston: Beacon Press.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2002b), ‘Rawls and feminism’. In Samuel Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 488-520.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2004), ‘Beyond the social contract: Capabilities and global justice’. Oxford Development Studies, 32 (1), 3-18.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2006), ‘Poverty and human functioning: Capabilities as fundamental entitlements’, in David B. Grusky and Ravi Kanbur (eds), Poverty and Inequality (Stanford: Stanford University Press), pp. 47-75.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2008), ‘Toward a globally sensitive patriotism’. Daedalus, 137 (3), 78-93.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2011a), Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2011b), ‘The capabilities approach and ethical cosmopolitanism: The challenge of political liberalism’. In Maria Rovisco and Magdalena Nowicka (eds), The Ashgate Research Companion to Cosmopolitanism (Ashgate: e-book), pp. 403-410.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2013a), Political Emotions. Why Love Matters for Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (2013b), ‘Climate change: Why theories of justice matter’. Chicago Journal of International Law, 13 (2), 469-488.

Okin, Susan M. (1989), Justice, Gender, and the Family. New York: Basic Books.

Papastephanou, Marianna (2013), ‘Cosmopolitanism discarded: Martha Nussbaum's patriotic education and the inward–outward distinction’. Ethics and Education, 8 (2), 166- 178.

Rawls, John (1971), A Theory of Justice. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Rawls, John (1996), Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.

Rawls, John (1999), The Law of Peoples with the ‘Idea of Public Reason Revisited’. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Reidy, David A. (2015), ‘Moral psychology’. In Jon Mandle and David A. Reidy (eds), The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 520-527.

Urmson, James O. (1958), ‘Saints and heroes’. In A. I. Melden (ed.), Essays in Moral Philosophy (Seattle: University of Washington Press), pp. 198-216.

Voice, Paul (2015), ‘Love’. In Jon Mandle and David A. Reidy (eds), The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 468-470.

White, Frank (1987), The Overview Effect. Space Exploration and Human Evolution. Reston: American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.

Yaden, David B., Iwry, Jonathan, Slack, Kelley J., Eichstaedt, Johannes C., Zhao, Yukun, Vaillant, George E., Newberg, Andrew B. (2016), ‘The Overview Effect: Awe and Self- Transcendent Experience in Space Flight’. Psychology of Consciousness, 3 (1), 1-11.




DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3865015

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para realizar análisis de uso y de medición de nuestra web para mejorar nuestros servicios. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso.


Creative Commons by-nc 3.0 Logo

ISSN: 2386-7655

URL: http://con-textoskantianos.net

  Scimago Journal & Country Rankscopus logo

 

DOAJ LogoErih Plus LogoCitefactor logoredib Logo

LatIndex LogoISOC Logo MIAR Logo
SHERPA/RoMEO Logo
MLA LogoZenodo Logo
ESCI LogoEBSCO LOGOWeb of Science