Humanity as a Duty to Oneself

Sunday Adeniyi Fasoro

Resumen


This paper analyses the thorny interpretative puzzle surrounding the connection between humanity and the good will. It discusses this puzzle: if the good will is the only good without qualification, why does Kant claim that humanity is something possessing an absolute value? It explores the answers to this question within Kantian scholarship; answers that emanate from a commitment to the human capacity for freedom and morality and to actual obedience to the moral law. In its final analysis, it endorses Richard Dean’s good will reading as the most reflective of Kant’s ethics. It claims that in order for a person to reach the moral ideal of acting rightly and giving priority to moral law, he must always honour his duties to himself. Accordingly, it argues that before a person can be deemed as an object of respect, he must first respect the right of humanity in his own person.


Palabras clave


humanity; good will; moral law; honour; respect; duty to oneself; Kant

Texto completo:

PDF HTML

Referencias


Atwell, John E. (1986), Ends and Principles in Kant's Moral Thought. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Bacin, Stefano. (2015), "Kant's Idea of Human Dignity: Between Tradition and Originality." Kant-Studien 106 (1): 97–106.

Bayefsky, Rachel. (2013), "Dignity, Honour, and Human Rights: Kant's Perspective." Political Theory 41 (6): 809–837.

Darwall, Stephen. (1977), "Two Kinds of Respect." Ethics 88 (1): 36–49.

Dean, Richard. (2006a), The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dean, Richard. (2006b), The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dean, Richard. (2009), "The Formula of Humanity as an End in Itself." In Blackwell Guide to Kant's Ethics, edited by Thomas E. Jr. Hill, 83–101. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Gewirth, Alan. (1978), Reason and Morality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Guyer, Paul. (2005), Kant's System of Nature and Freedom: Selected Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Guyer, Paul. (2010), "Moral Feelings in the Metaphysics of Morals." In Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: A Critical Guide, edited by Lara Denis, 130–151. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Guyer, Paul. (2016a), "Kant's Politics of Freedom." An International Journal of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law 29 (3): 427–432.

Guyer, Paul. (2016b), Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Herman, Barbara. (1993), The Practice of Moral Judgment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hill, Thomas E. Jr. (1992), Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant's Moral Theory. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Hill, Thomas E. Jr. (2002), Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. (1991), The Metaphysics of Morals. Translated by Mary Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. (1997), Lectures on Ethics. Edited by Peter Heath and J. B. Schneewind. Translated by Peter Heath. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. (1998), Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Edited by Mary Gregor and Christine M. Korsgaard. Translated by Mary Gregor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. (1999), Correspondence. Edited and translated by Arnulf Zweig. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. (2000), Critique of the Power of Judgment. Edited by Paul Guyer. Translated by Paul Guyer and Eric Matthews. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant, Immanuel. (2002), Critique of Practical Reason. Translated by Werner S. Pluhar. Cambridge, MA: Hackett Publishing Company.

Kant, Immanuel. (2003), Lectures on Natural Law Feyerabend. Translated by Lars Vinx. Unpublished.

Kant, Immanuel. (2007), Anthropology, History, and Education. Edited by Günter Zöller and Robert B. Louden. Translated by Mary Gregor, Paul Guyer, Günter Zöller, Robert B. Louden, Arnulf Zweig, Holly Wilson, and Allen W. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Korsgaard, Christine M. (1986), "Kant's Formula of Humanity." Kant-Studien 77 (1–4): 183–202.

Korsgaard, Christine M. (1996), Creating the Kingdom of Ends. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nelson, William. (2008), "Kant's Formula of Humanity." Mind 117 (465): 85–106.

O'Neill, Onora. (1990), Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Paton, Margaret. (1990), "A Reconsideration of Kant's Treatment of Duties to Oneself." The Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159): 222–233.

Sensen, Oliver. (2011), Kant on Human Dignity. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Sensen, Oliver. (2015), "Kant on Human Dignity Reconsidered: A Reply to My Critics." Kant-Studien 106 (1): 107–129.

Singer, Marcus G. (1963), "Duties and Duties to Oneself." Ethics 73 (2): 133–142.

Timmermann, Jens. (2006), "Kantian Duties to the Self, Explained and Defended." Philosophy 81: 505–531.

Wood, Allen W. (1999), Kant's Ethical Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3252933

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para realizar análisis de uso y de medición de nuestra web para mejorar nuestros servicios. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso.


Creative Commons by-nc 3.0 Logo

ISSN: 2386-7655

URL: http://con-textoskantianos.net

DOAJ LogoErih Plus LogoCitefactor logoredib Logo
LatIndex LogoISOC Logo MIAR Logo
SHERPA/RoMEO Logo
MLA LogoZenodo Logo
ESCI LogoEBSCO LOGOWeb of Sciencescopus logo